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Selasa, 21 Desember 2010

Bait Suci

Foto Model Bait Suci

Photo credit: thirdtempleworld.com

Photo credit: thirdtempleworld.com

 File:Jerusalem temple3.jpg

 


 
Tissot, Reconstruction of Jerusalem and Herod's Temple Also see:
Paintings by by James Jacques Tissot (French painter and



Bait pertama di Yerusalem dibangun oleh Raja Salomo, putra Raja Daud. Sebelum kematiannya Daud telah "sekuat" menyediakan materi dalam kelimpahan yang besar untuk membangun candi di puncak Gunung Moriah (1Chronicles 22:14, 29:4; 2Chronicles 3:1), di sebelah timur kota , di tempat di mana Abraham telah mempersembahkan Ishak (Kejadian 22:1-14).

       Bait pertama dibakar, dijarah dan dihancurkan oleh Raja Nebukadnezar dari Babel (2 Raja-raja 24:13; 2Chronicles 36:7), yang membawa semua harta candi dengan dia ke Babel.
   
Model of the Second Temple, Jerusalem, Israel
       Apa yang dikenal sebagai candi kedua dibangun di lokasi yang sama dengan kuil pertama. Fondasi candi kedua diletakkan sekitar 535 SM oleh orang buangan Yahudi kembali dari pembuangan di Babel. Ketika Herodes Agung menjadi raja Yudea candi kedua telah berdiri selama lima ratus tahun. Bangunan ini telah menderita jauh dari pembusukan alami selama bertahun-tahun serta dari serangan tentara bermusuhan, dan Herodes, berkeinginan memperoleh nikmat dari orang Yahudi, mengusulkan untuk membangunnya kembali. Tawaran ini diterima, dan pekerjaan dimulai (20 SM), dan dilaksanakan pada tenaga kerja yang besar dan biaya, dan pada skala melebihi kemegahan.

       Bagian utama dari bangunan itu selesai dalam sepuluh tahun, namun ereksi pengadilan luar dan perhiasan dari keseluruhan telah dijalankan selama periode seluruh kehidupan Yesus di bumi (Yohanes 2:16, Yohanes 2:19-21 ). Candi ini selesai pada 65 Masehi.
       Candi Namun, tidak lama diizinkan untuk ada. Legiun Romawi mengambil kota Yerusalem oleh badai, dan meskipun upaya keras Titus dilakukan untuk melestarikan candi, prajuritnya membakarnya di beberapa tempat. Perusakan candi dimulai pada tanggal 9 Ab (Ibrani bulan), pada hari yang sama kehancuran kuil pertama Yerusalem dimulai pada 585 SM Kehancuran Bait itu selesai pada Ab 10 tahun dalam bahasa Ibrani, (sipil) 3831 yang sesuai dengan Minggu, 5 Agustus pada tahun 70 Masehi


Ketika Roma Hancurkan Yerusalem
Mulai dari malam matahari terbenam, orang-orang Yahudi di seluruh dunia akan memperingati kehancuran Bait Suci oleh Romawi pada tahun 70 Masehi. liburan ini dikenal sebagai Tisha B'Av (tanggal sembilan Av), yang merupakan hari pada kalender Yahudi yang secara tradisional menandai kehancuran kedua Salomo dan kuil Herodes. gambar hari ini adalah jatuh batu dari kehancuran Romawi peletakan seperti yang ditemukan ketika para arkeolog ditemukan di tahun 1960-an dan 70-an.
Ketika hancur dalam 70 CE Yerusalem dianggap sebagai salah satu kota yang paling indah. Hal ini dianggap mencerminkan kemuliaan Allah dan banyak orang datang sebagai turis ke Yerusalem dan Bait Sucinya. Talmud Babel menyatakan:

    
"Siapa pun tidak melihat Bait Suci Herodes berdiri tidak pernah melihat sebuah bangunan yang indah seluruh hidupnya" (Succah 51b).

Bait Yahweh Salomo kemudian dibangun kembali oleh Herodes yang dihancurkan tahun 70 oleh pasukan Roma.
Pada pertengahan hingga akhir 60-CE, Roma berjuang untuk meletakkan sebuah pemberontakan Yahudi di Palestina. Titus, kaisar masa depan Roma, menghancurkan Yerusalem dan kuil untuk mencegah orang-orang Yahudi dari memiliki perasaan nasionalistik terhubung ke kota. Setelah kehancuran kota, orang Yahudi umumnya dilarang untuk masuk ke dalam reruntuhan. Sekali setahun, bagaimanapun, mereka diizinkan masuk dalam rangka berkabung kehancuran candi.
Pada 132 CE, Kaisar Hadrian adalah memperkuat kekuasaan Romawi di Palestina. Dia juga mulai untuk membangun kembali Yerusalem sebagai kota Romawi, yang orang Yahudi melihat sebagai pertanda buruk dan pemberontakan Yahudi kedua dimulai yang berlangsung hingga 135 Masehi.
Pemimpin spiritual pemberontakan itu Rabi Akiba dari Kaisarea yang dieksekusi oleh Roma. Pemimpin militer adalah seorang Yahudi bernama Simon yang memiliki kualitas Mesianik dan aspirasi. Ia menerima nama Bar Kokhba, muncul "Anak Bintang." Ini yang untuk sementara mereka telah menguasai Yerusalem, tetapi akhirnya hilang.
Setelah pemberontakan kedua dikalahkan, Yerusalem dibangun kembali oleh Roma yang berganti nama dalam upaya untuk menghapus nama dari sejarah. Ia kembali bernama Aelia Capitolina. Aelia adalah keluarga Hadrian dan Capitolina adalah trinitas dewa di bukit Romawi dan sekarang dinyatakan sebagai bagian dari kota baru. Kota tua Yerusalem hari ini banyak didasarkan pada pola kota Romawi kuno, termasuk dinding, jalan lay out dan gerbang.
Selain memperingati penghancuran dua candi, orang-orang Yahudi juga akan mengingat banyak calamites yang menimpa mereka selama sejarah panjang mereka. Hal ini sungguh-sungguh cepat hari dan banyak orang akan menahan diri dari mencuci, bekerja dan bahkan salam satu sama lain.









Jerusalem Temple Dome




Introduction
The Biblical account of the appearance of ancient Jerusalem, before Solomon built the Temple to the Lord as well as his fixed Temple has always been a challenge to try and put on paper or canvass. Construction lasted for some 20 years, between ca. 970-950 BC. That is one reason why few artists tried to come up with a plausible rendition. The other reason may be, that few believe in the veracity of such a grand edifice. However, its existence is deeply confirmed in Jewish literature. Solomon's Jerusalem was not anything like today's city. The Jewish Temple complex certainly attests that something of great proportions was located there long ago. The ravages of wars and destructions left nothing of Solomon's structures which used much wood in their design.
Ancient Jerusalem with the tent sanctuary.

The Annual Feast of Passover pilgrims streaming into the city of Jerusalem through the gates to participate in the Day of Atonement services.
But another glorious feast was the `Feast of Tabernacles'. Though represented by very simple means, it was a symbol of faith what will happen in heaven after the reign of sin as this sermon, which will give you hope and peace, shows.
This may have been the approximate appearance before King Solomon built the Temple. The sides of the hill were filled in with retaining walls, rocks and dirt to enlarge it for the Temple.
See Encyclopedia for additional links.

1 Artist's impression of Solomon's Palace, Temple and Citadel
The Interior of King Solomon's Palace - Banquet Scene - Solomon's Temple and Citadel.
Visit of the Queen of Sheba/Shwa/Thebes - 1.Kings 10 - Pharaoh Hatshepsut.
2 Artist's impression of Solomon's House of Pharaoh's Daughter
House of Pharaoh's Daughter - King Solomon's wife or Queen - King Solomon's Citadel.
Song of Solomon - Abishag the Shulamite. See also the site of King David's Palace.
3 Artist's impression of Solomon's Temple and Citadel
Porch of Pillars of King Solomon's Temple and Citadel.
1.Kings 7:6-21. When the priests on the feast days slowly made their way up the steps to the Sanctuary, they would sing the Psalms of Ascent (Psalms 120-136).
This porch measured 50 x 30 cubits, 1.Ki. 7:6.
4 Artist's impression of Solomon's Porch of Judgment
Porch of Judgment of King Solomon's Temple and Citadel.
1.Kings 7:7
5 Artist's impression of Solomon's Treasure Room
King Solomon's Treasure Room.
1.Kings 10:14-29
6 Artist's impression of Solomon's House of the Forest of Lebanon
House of the Forest of Lebanon
King Solomon's Temple and Citadel. 1.Kings 7:2. This building measured 100 x 50 x 30 cubits, 1.Ki. 7:2. [1 royal, Egyptian cubit = 20.623 inches; 2062 inches = 171.8 feet long; or in metrics, 1 cubit = 52.4 cm; 5240 cm = 52.4 meters long.]
Artist's impression of Solomon's Gate to the Inner Court of the Temple
The Gate to the Inner Court - King Solomon's Temple.
Ezekiel 40:23-32
7
8 Artist's impression of Solomon's Porch to the Gate of the Temple
The Great Porch of the Temple - King Solomon's Temple. - 1.Kings 6:3; 7:12
The Psalmist's `Songs of Degrees' were sung by the officiating priests as they solemnly climbed up these stairs to the sanctuary on certain Feast days in the Jewish year, . Another song was addressed to be sung to the great God of Peace, Psalm 72.
Artist's impression of Solomon's Temple
All the Art Work of Solomon's Temple.
9
10 Artist's impression of Solomon's Temple - the Holy Place
The Holy Place - King Solomon's Temple showing the pomegranate and lily (lotus) flower motif at the top of the columns, 1.Kings 7:19,22,26.
1.Kings 7:48ff
Artist's impression of Solomon's Temple - the Most Holy Place
The Most Holy Place - King Solomon's Temple.
1.Kings 6:16; 8:6-9
11
12 Artist's impression of Solomon's Temple
Sideview of Solomon's Temple of Jerusalem.
13 Artist's impression of Solomon's Temple
Frontal View of King Solomon's Temple at Jerusalem.
14 Gold plated stone from the area of the Israelite Temple of Jerusalem
A gold plated stone found in the area of the Israelite Temple in Jerusalem corroborates the account of Josephus that its glorious gates were plated in gold.[Josephus, Jewish Wars, Bk. V, Ch. v, Sec. 3, 4, p. 554f; (or p. 201-224 in other editions).; Read the whole story in BAR, Jan 09, p. 14.]
CNN 9-4-09: Archaeologists digging in Jerusalem discovered an ancient wall at an as yet undisclosed dig site 8 meters (26 feet) tall, ?? meters wide and 24 meters (79 feet) long. However it continues much further. Archaeologist Eli Shukron said, "The boulders weigh 4 to 5 tons. How did they do it?"
15 Artist's impression of Solomon's City of Jerusalem and its Temple
The Artist's City Plan of Jerusalem to accomodate all of Solomon's constructions.
16 Artist's impression of Solomon's City of Jerusalem and its Temple
Some certain and some tentative identifications
#1 - The Lord's Temple built by Solomon
#2 - The Gate to the inner Temple Court
#3 - The outer Temple Court
#4 - Likely Edifice of the House of Treasures
#5 - The House of Pharaoh's Daughter
#6 - The Porch of Judgment
#7 - Solomon's Palace
#8 - The House of the Forest of Lebanon
#9 - Possible site of the Porch of Pillars to the Temple and Citadel coming from the Palace of Solomon and the House of the Forest of Lebanon.













Most people know Herod the Great as the king who ordered the Massacre of the Innocents at the time of Jesus' birth. But as well as this he was one of the greatest builders of the ancient world - he rebuilt the Temple on a grand scale.
Construction lasted for 46 years. The area of the Temple Mount was doubled and surrounded by a high wall with massive gates. The Temple was raised, enlarged, and faced with beautiful white stone. Its courtyards served as a gathering place and its shaded porticoes sheltered merchants and money changers. A great door led to the sanctuary, at the western end of which was the Holy of Holies.
The Temple was not only the center of religious ritual. It was also the place where the Holy Scriptures and other important Jewish literature was kept. It was the meeting place of the Sanhedrin, the High Court of Jews during the Roman period.
For more pictures and information, go to
BIBLE ARCHITECTURE: JERUSALEM
 
 
 
 
TOP TEN BUILDINGS: KING HEROD'S TEMPLE IN JERUSALEM
   
  MASADA - THE PALACE
Masada is perched on top of an isolated rock cliff at the western end of the Judean Desert. It is a place of gaunt and majestic beauty. The land falls steeply away on every side, making it a natural fortress.
It is famous for the palaces built there by King Herod the Great. The one illustrated at right was on the northern edge of a steep cliff, with a splendid view. The three buildings shown here were an small but elegant palace-villa for the king. They were separated from the fortress and administrative buildings at Masada so that the king and his favorites could enjoy total privacy and security. 
This northern palace consists of three terraces, luxuriously built, with a narrow, rock-cut staircase connecting them. On the upper terrace, several rooms served as living quarters. In front of them was a semi-circular balcony with two concentric rows of columns. The rooms were paved with black and white mosaics in geometric patterns.
For more pictures and information, go to
BIBLE ARCHITECTURE: MASADA


 
TOP TEN BUILDINGS: MASADA - THE PALACE
   
  MASADA - WATER STORAGE
Though it had beautiful palace buildings and luxurious living quarters, Masada was primarily a fortress, built as a refuge in times of danger. This meant it had to be ready to withstand a long siege if necessary, with sufficient supplies of food and water for hundreds of people. 
The water supply at Masada was guaranteed by a network of large, rock-hewn cisterns on the northwestern side of the hill. They filled during the winter with rainwater flowing in streams from the high side of the plateau, and could be relied on to supply all the needs of the people sheltering in the fortress.
One of these cisterns is illustrated at right. It supplied water for drinking, bathing and day-to-day needs. 
The effectiveness of these cisterns was tested when the Romans laid siege to Masada in  72AD. For two years the defenders of the fortress were able to hold off the attackers, and throughout all this time they were never short of food or water. In the end, they were only defeated when the Romans built a siege ramp and moved a battering ram up to the walls of the fortress, breaching the wall.
For more pictures and information, go to
BIBLE ARCHITECTURE: MASADA


 
TOP TEN BUILDINGS: MASADA - WATER STORAGE
   
  THE FORTRESS OF MACHAERUS
Machaerus was never really a pleasant place to be. A forbidding fortress, it was built to intimidate and control the troubled area between Palestine and Petra. It did its job well.
According to the Jewish historian Josephus, the fortress of Machaerus was the place in which John the Baptist was imprisoned and then beheaded (Bellum VII.6.1-2). This makes sense. Herod was frightened by John's fearless criticism of him, and his power to stir people up. He sensed he had met someone he could not control. Putting John into the prison at Machaerus removed John from his followers, and stopped them from communicating with their leader. No-one could get in or out of Machaerus without Herod knowing about it. When Herod decided to kill John, the walls of the fortess meant there was no-one to oppose him.
When the Jewish Revolt broke out in 66AD, the Jewish rebels holed up within Machaerus' seemingly impregnable walls. But the Romans built siege works around the base of the fortress, leading up towards the walls. When the lower part of the fortress was captured and burned, the people in the upper city surrendered. You can still see part of the Roman siege ramp on the west side of the mound, and ruins of the Roman camp lie on the hill to the west. 
For more pictures and information, go to
BIBLE ARCHITECTURE: MACHAERUS


 
TOP TEN BUILDINGS: THE FORTRESS OF MACHAERUS
   
  MEGIDDO - THE GATES
The most vulnerable spot in any fortress was the gateway. Over a period of time, city gates became formidable points of entry, daunting for any enemy. 
At Megiddo (and also at Samaria and Lachish) the gate was guarded by a double set of towers. From these an enemy could be pelted with a range of missiles - spears, arrows, stones, etc. This kept him from coming too close to the gate. If however he used something like a covered battering ram, he might get close to the gate and break it down.
At this stage he would find himself channeled into the passage between the gates, which had chambers on either side that acted as firing positions for the defenders. The attacker found himself exposed to crossfire from two, three or four directions.
Even if the entrance was defended by a single gate tower, it was usually a very strong and deep structure with internal guard rooms and upper-floor firing apertures so as to harass the enemy inside the gate. The gate towers had at least a double set of gates on the outside and on the inside. 
For more pictures and information, go to
BIBLE ARCHITECTURE: MEGIDDO


 


TOP TEN BUILDINGS: MEGIDDO - THE GATES
   
  NAZARETH - THE HOUSE OF MARY AND JOSEPH
Of course no-one knows what Mary and Joseph's house in Nazareth was like - the house itself disappeared many centuries ago. But we do know what ordinary village houses looked like in 1st century Palestine.
The basic floor plan had a central courtyard with a number of rooms opening off it. These rooms were small by our standard, with a minimum of windows. Lattice work and shutters were used to cover window openings.
The size of the rooms was small. Stairs or a wooden ladder led up onto the roof, which was used as an outdoor room partly shaded by matting or a tent-like superstructure. 
The inside rooms tended to be small and dark, so the courtyard and the roof were important parts of the house, used for tasks that needed good light - Mary and the women of her family would have spun yarn, woven fabric and prepared food there. In hot weather the family members slept there as well.
For more pictures and information, go to
BIBLE ARCHITECTURE: HOUSING


  



TOP TEN BUILDINGS: NAZARETH - THE HOUSE OF MARY AND JOSEPH
   
  JERICHO - THE WALLS
'On the seventh day the people rose early at dawn, and marched around the city seven times. They shouted, and the trumpets were blown. As soon as the people heard the sound of the trumpets, they raised a great shout, and the wall fell down flat; so the people charged straight ahead into the city and captured it.' (Joshua 6)
Did the walls of Jericho come tumbling down at the sound of Joshua's horn, as the Bible describes? In Joshua 2:1 he commands his soldiers to reconnoiter the city, and it is subsequently destroyed. And the walls certainly did come tumbling down. There is evidence of a collapsed stone and mud brick support wall. 
There is also evidence of destruction by fire. Archaeological teams have discovered a number of storage jars containing charred grain from the last Canaanite city that existed at ancient Jericho. This would indicate that the city was conquered at harvest-time and then burned. 
But it is impossible to tell whether this destruction was caused by invasion or earthquake. Possibly both occurred and both were responsible - and why not? Both were part of God's unfathomable plan for his people. 
For more pictures and information, go to
BIBLE ARCHITECTURE: JERICHO

 
 
TOP TEN BUILDINGS: JERICHO - THE WALLS
   
  SEPPHORIS - THE THEATRE
Sepphoris is not mentioned in the Bible, but it was just a good stretch of the leg from Nazareth, and Jesus certainly knew the town. In fact, it is quite probable that Joseph and his young son Jesus worked there - they were builders, and Sepphoris was one of King Herod's great building projects when Jesus was a boy. Since Nazareth was only a small village and work would have been limited if not downright scarce, Joseph may have helped build the beautiful theater there.
The theater is about 74meters in diameter, with enough seats for 4,500 people. The people who attended this theater were sophisticated, admiring Greek and Roman plays. Traditional, conservative Jews such as Jesus and his family frowned on this sort of activity, and preferred their own Jewish culture.
For more pictures and information, go to
BIBLE ARCHAEOLOGY: CITIES


 
TOP TEN BUILDINGS: SEPPHORIS - THE THEATRE
   
  CAPERNAUM - THE SYNAGOGUE
The white marble synagogue in this photograph is not the one that Jesus taught in, but it was built on top of an earlier one from the first half of the 1st century AD - almost certainly the one in which Jesus taught.  The original synagogue was of black basalt, with gray marble columns and a cobblestone floor.
Jesus performed many miracle here, and chose four of his disciples from among its population: Peter, Andrew and the two sons of Zebedee, James and John. Perhaps it was here that the crippled woman was healed by Jesus - the text says he 'called her over', presumably from the seats along the wall of the synagogue.

  TOP TEN BUILDINGS: CAPERNAUM - THE SYNAGOGUE


Farmer spends 30 years on model Biblical Temple PDF Print E-mail
Sunday, 19 April 2009
Brick by brick, tiny figure by tiny figure, Alec Garrard has painstakingly worked for 30 years on an astonishing recreation of Herod's Temple.

But despite spending all that time and effort the retired farmer believes he won't finish it in his lifetime as he keeps finding things to add to it.
In contrast, legend has it that the original construction of the entire complex lasted only three years, although historians believe it took far longer.
It was his fascination for religion and buildings which first started Alec on the Biblical project which now measures 20ft by 12ft and is housed in a seperate building in his garden.

His version is so impressive that some of the world's top archaeologists and experts from the British Museum have come to view it.

'It's now recognised as the most authentic version of the temple in the world,' he said. 'I've had a lot of offers from people to buy it, but it's not for sale.'

And while he sees it as a form of relaxation, he says his wife thinks he is mad.

'She wishes she'd married a normal person,' he said.

The original temple was built in 19BC by King Herod the Great but was flattened in AD70 by Roman troops under Emperor Titus during the Siege of Jerusalem, just six years after completion.
In its heyday the complex covered 36 acres - four times the area of Windsor Castle.

Today, all that remains of the temple is the Western Wall or so-called Wailing Wall. The temple itself was located on the site of the Islamic shrine the Dome of the Rock.
When Jesus came to Jerusalem, the temple had just been rebuilt and it was in an area known as Solomon's Porch that he argued with rabbis, amazing them with his questions and answers.

Herod, keen to perpetuate his name through building projects, ensured that the temple dominated the Jerusalem landscape, effectively becoming its focal point.

"I have been working on it for decades but it will never be finished as I'm always finding something new to add,' he said.

'I've always loved making models and as I was getting older I started to think about making one big project which would see me through to the end of my life.
Mr Garrard said he had seen one or two models of the temple and thought he could do better so began building one himself.

'I have an interest in buildings and religion so I thought maybe I could combine the two and I came up with the idea of doing the temple,' he said.

The original temple featured the Court of the Priests, where the animals were prepared for sacrifice, the Golden Vine at the entrance to the Temple and the Eastern Gate.

Since the day the temple was destroyed scholars have argued over the detail of its construction.

Mr Garrard, from Norfolk, spent more than three years researching the temple, which was destroyed by the Romans 2,000 years ago and deemed to be one of the most remarkable buildings of ancient times.

He then started to construct the amazing 1:100 scale model.

'Everything is made by hand. I cut plywood frames for the walls and buildings and all the clay bricks and tiles were baked in the oven then stuck together,' he said.

As well as having religious services, the temple had a bazaar, people selling souvenirs, as well as currency changers, exchanging Roman for Jewish money, as mentioned in the New Testament account of Jesus and the money changers.

'I have also sculpted and painted 4,000 figures, measuring just half an inch and all wearing their correct costumes.
'Each one takes about three hours to make and there are 32 versions of Jesus, although no one can ever spot him no matter how religious they are.'












The Temple Mount, when King Herod enlarged and rebuilt it and the Temple in 19 B.C.E.


Secrets of Jerusalem's Temple Mount, by Leen and Kathleen Ritmeyer. BAS, 1998.





Interior Layout of
the Temple in Jerusalem

Layout of the Interior of Jerusalem's Temple
Diagram Negeri  Bait Yerusalem yang diambil dari
Kitab Suci dalam Surat Asli 
Angka Digunakan di Temple Diagram




1. Eben Shetiyyah 4. Table of Showbread 7. Loteng Abtinas
2. Candlestick 5. Kamar Pisau 8. Kamar Makers Pancake
3. Mezbah Dupa 6. Kamar Pisau 9. Kamar Phinehas
(Vestment Keeper)
10. Lima belas Semi-melingkar Langkah











THE GROUNDFLOOR PLAN OF SOLOMON'S TEMPLE


Elaboration of figure in the New Bible Dictionary, Eerdman's Pub. Co., 1962.
  

PLAN OF THE TEMPLE AS ENVISIONED BY EZEKIEL



 

High Priest Garment and Stones 

 
Imam Garment dan Stones

- The Temple Institute
Kapal dan jubah untuk Bait Suci:The Temple Institute dan bantuan dari banyak seniman dan pengrajin, kapal berikut telah dibuat, (kecuali Tabut Perjanjian). Ini dibuat untuk Bait Suci Ketiga di masa depan ...
 
"Lebih dari enam puluh peralatan Bait Suci telah dibangun, termasuk beberapa proyek yang paling sulit dan rumit, seperti Menorah dan batu-batu berharga dada Imam Besar The batu dari dada - baru dibuat -. Telah diselidiki dengan bantuan gemologists profesional, ahli geologi dan para ahli lainnya. berbagai macam bahan mengharuskan pemeriksaan lebih dari 30 sudut pandang yang berbeda untuk menetapkan kriteria untuk mengidentifikasi batu. "

Vessels and Vestments for the Temple: 

 

Tembaga Laver - para imam mencuci tangan dan kaki sebelum melanjutkan untuk hadir dengan penawaran tamid harian.Mizrak - Imam mengumpulkan darah dari pengorbanan ke Mizrak, dan kemudian tumpahan darah ke sudut mezbah.Besar Mizrak - untuk hewan yang lebih besarTiga cabang Fork - garpu digunakan untuk menyerahkan persembahan pada mezbah apiMengukur Cup - gelas ukur digunakan untuk mengukur tepung, anggur dan minyak, yang jumlah tertentu yang diresepkan untuk digunakan sebagai bahan dalam berbagai persembahan.Tembaga
Alat - digunakan untuk menyiapkan korban sajian. Meal persembahan dibuat menggunakan berbagai jumlah tepung, minyak dan rempah-rempah.Silver Shovel - digunakan untuk menghilangkan abu ditinggalkan di altar, tugas pertama dilakukan oleh para imam setiap pagi di subuh.
Alat Silver  - digunakan untuk persembahan anggur kpd dewa anggur. Wine dituangkan di atas mezbah dua kali seharikotak Lottery - Pada Yom Kippur, Imam Besar mencapai ke dalam kotak undian dan memilih banyak. Jadi ditentukan yang kambing akan digunakan sebagai persembahan untuk Tuhan, dan yang akan dikirim ke Azazel, sebagai pendamaian bagi dosa-dosa orang.Silver Cup - The cangkir perak, dengan termos emas, digunakan dalam Festival dari persembahan anggur kpd dewa Air, yang berlangsung selama Holiday dari Succot. Pada waktu fajar, para imam dan orang Lewi, disertai dengan kerumunan peserta, wend cara mereka turun ke musim semi Shiloach. Air diambil dari mata air, dan membawa atas Bait Allah dalam labu emas, di mana ia dituangkan ke dalam cangkir perak, karena terletak di atas altar.
Alat Perak persembahan anggur kpd Tuhan - upacara sekitarnya perintah untuk menuangkan air di altar - the persembahan anggur kpd dewa airSickle - Pada hari 16 Nissan, dalam sebuah pertemuan publik di pinggiran Yerusalem, yang pertama dari jelai tanaman dipanen menggunakan sabit. jelai ini kemudian dibawa ke Bait Suci untuk digunakan dalam penawaran Omer.Penawaran Omer Implements - Setelah jelai dibawa ke pelataran Bait Yhwh, imam mengalahkan, panggang, menggiling, dan saring gandum. Sejumlah tepung yang dihasilkan dibakar di atas mezbah. Sisanya dimakan oleh para imam.Abuv - yang berdiri tiga-tier. Tingkat atas memegang panci tembaga berlubang, dan di bawahnya merupakan wadah bagi bara panas. Hal ini digunakan untuk memanggang jelai baru panen korban Omer, dilakukan pada Paskah. Menorah Alat Membersihkan - digunakan untuk membersihkan dari tujuh cangkir minyak MenorahMinyak pitcher - digunakan untuk mengisi minyak untuk menorah tersebut.labu emas Kecil - digunakan untuk menuangkan minyak zaitun ke dalam menorahKemenyan pedupaan - membawa dua porsi kemenyan di dalamnya, mereka ditempatkan di atas meja roti sajian itu.piala kemenyan - memegang "setengah bagian" dari bahan dupa penawaranKemenyan Shovel - digunakan untuk menghapus bara dari mezbah luar kemudian membawa sekop batubara ini ke dalam tempat kudus, di mana batubara digunakan pada mezbah dupa emas.Menorah - satu bagian dari emas murni, berdiri di sisi selatan Sanctuary. Setiap pagi imam mempersiapkan dan menyalakan kembali sumbu. Foto lain sini.Meja roti sajian yang - terbuat dari kayu, dilapis dengan emas. Setelah itu ditempatkan dua belas roti roti sajian. Setiap hari Sabat, roti secara simultan dihapus dan diganti dengan roti segar. Foto lain sini.mezbah kemenyan - terbuat dari kayu berlapis emasTabut Perjanjian - Sekali setahun, pada hari Yom Kippur, Hari Pendamaian, imam besar memasuki Tempat Mahakudus, meminta Tuhan untuk memaafkan pelanggaran dari seluruh rumah Israel. Terbuat dari kayu ditutupi dengan emas, terkandung di dalamnya, selama periode Bait Suci Pertama, Dua Tablet Hukum membawa turun dari Gunung Sinai oleh Musa, serta mannah wadah yang berisi, dan staf Aharon.Crown - menanggung tulisan: "Kudus bagi Tuhan," dan dipakai oleh imam besar pada setiap saat, sementara dia officiating di Bait Yhwh.Garment dari Imam Besar - Dengan Gd's membantu tugas ini telah selesai dan hasilnya telah dibuat publik.Sangkakala perak - digunakan selama layanan Ilahi, serta untuk mengumumkan kedatangan Sabat, Bulan Baru, tiga Festival, dan berbagai kesempatan lainnya.shofar Gold-berlapis, (tanduk domba jantan) - adalah ditiup di dalam Bait Suci di Rosh Hashana.shofar Silver-berlapis, (tanduk domba jantan), - adalah ditiup di dalam Bait Suci pada hari-hari cepat.Harpa (atau nevel) - merupakan instrumen terkemuka yang digunakan oleh orang Lewi dalam iringan orkestra mereka ke layanan Ilahi.Kecapi (atau kinnor) - buku Mazmur, sebagai fitur dari orkestra Lewi yang melakukan di Inner Courtyard Kuil Kudus.



Mahakudusdan The Veil(Kel 26:31-35)




Tabernakel FurnishingsTempat Kudus




Tabut Perjanjian ini:(Kel 25-10-16 & Ibr 9:3-4)
10 "Apakah mereka membuat lemari kayu akasia dua setengah hasta panjangnya, satu hasta dan setengah luas, dan hasta satu setengah tinggi. 11 Overlay dengan emas murni, baik di dalam dan luar, dan membuat bingkai emas sekitarnya.12 Pemain empat cincin emas untuk itu dan mengikat mereka untuk empat kaki, dengan dua cincin di satu sisi dan dua cincin di sisi lain.13 Kemudian membuat tiang dari kayu akasia dan overlay mereka dengan emas.14 Masukkan kutub ke ring pada sisi dada untuk membawanya.15 Tiang-tiang adalah untuk tetap berada di cincin tabut ini, mereka tidak akan dihapus.16 Kemudian dimasukkan ke dalam bahtera Kesaksian, yang saya akan memberikan.
Mezbah dupa:(Kel 30:1-20 & 34-38)





"1 Buatlah sebuah mezbah dari kayu akasia untuk membakar dupa.2 Hal itu harus persegi, hasta hasta panjang dan lebar, dan dua hasta tingginya - ini tanduk satu bagian dengan itu.3 Overlay bagian atas dan semua sisi dan tanduk dengan emas murni, dan membuat bingkai emas sekelilingnya.4 Buatlah dua cincin emas untuk mezbah di bawah molding - dua di sisi yang berlawanan - untuk memegang tiang digunakan untuk membawa itu.5 Buatlah tiang dari kayu akasia dan overlay mereka dengan emas.6 Letakkan mezbah di depan tirai yang ada di hadapan Tabut Perjanjian itu - sebelum penutup penebusan yang melebihi Kesaksian - di mana Aku akan bertemu dengan Anda.7 Harun harus membakar dupa harum di atas mezbah setiap pagi ketika ia cenderung lampu.8 Ia harus membakar dupa lagi ketika dia lampu lampu di senja sehingga akan membakar dupa teratur hadapan TUHAN untuk generasi mendatang.9 Jangan menawarkan di atas mezbah ini setiap dupa lain atau kurban bakaran atau persembahan makanan, dan tidak mencurahkan semua persembahan minuman di atasnya.10 Sekali setahun Harun akan mengadakan perdamaian tanduknya. Penebusan tahunan ini harus dilakukan dengan darah korban penghapus dosa penebusan untuk generasi yang akan datang. Itulah bagian maha kudus bagi TUHAN. "
 Altar Mesbah Korban Bakaran(Kel 27:1-8)


1 "Membangun mezbah dari kayu akasia, tiga hasta tinggi; itu harus persegi, lima hasta panjangnya dan lima hasta lebar.2 Buatlah tanduk di keempat sudut, sehingga tanduk dan mezbah adalah dari satu bagian dan overlay mezbah dengan perunggu.3 Membuat semua peralatan yang dari perunggu - pot untuk menghapus abu, dan sekop nya garpu daging, percikan mangkuk, dan firepans.4 Membuat kisi-kisi untuk itu, jaringan perunggu, dan membuat cincin perunggu di setiap empat sudut jaringan.5 Pasang di bawah birai mezbah sehingga setengah jalan altar.6 Buatlah tiang dari kayu akasia untuk mezbah dan overlay mereka dengan perunggu.7 tiang harus dimasukkan ke dalam cincin sehingga mereka akan berada di dua sisi mezbah ketika dilakukan.8 Buatlah mezbah berongga, dari papan. Hal ini harus dibuat sama seperti Anda yang ditampilkan di atas gunung itu. "
Kolam Pembasuhan

( Kel 30:17-21)

17 Lalu berfirmanlah TUHAN kepada Musa,18 "Buatlah sebuah baskom perunggu, dengan berdiri perunggu, untuk mencuci Tempatkan di antara Kemah altar, Rapat dan,. Dan air tempat di dalamnya.19 Harun dan anak-anaknya adalah untuk mencuci tangan dan kaki mereka dengan air dari itu.20 Setiap kali mereka memasuki Kemah Pertemuan, mereka harus mencuci dengan air sehingga mereka tidak akan mati. Juga, ketika mereka mendekati mezbah untuk melayani dengan menyajikan kurban kepada TUHAN dengan api,21 mereka akan mencuci tangan dan kaki mereka sehingga mereka tidak akan mati. Hal ini untuk menjadi peraturan abadi bagi Harun dan keturunannya untuk generasi mendatang. "
Yahudi Lewi (Imam) Lighting itu emas tulen(Menorah Candlestick)(Kel 25:31-40)



31 "Buatlah sebuah kaki dian dari emas murni dan palu itu keluar, dasar dan poros; itu flowerlike cangkir, tunas dan bunga harus dari satu bagian dengan itu.32 Enam cabang untuk memperpanjang dari sisi kaki dian - tiga di satu sisi dan tiga di sisi lain,33 Tiga cangkir berbentuk seperti bunga badam dengan kuncup dan bunga harus pada satu cabang, tiga di cabang berikutnya, dan sama untuk semua enam cabang yang membentang dari kandil itu.34 Dan pada kaki dian, ada harus empat cangkir berbentuk seperti bunga badam dengan kuncup dan bunga.35 Satu tunas akan berada di bawah pasangan pertama dari cabang yang membentang dari kaki dian, bud kedua di bawah pasangan kedua, dan tunas ketiga di bawah pasangan ketiga - enam cabang di seluruh.36 tunas dan cabang harus dari satu bagian dengan kaki dian, dipalu dari emas murni.37 Lalu buatlah tujuh lampu dan mengatur mereka di atasnya sehingga mereka menerangi ruang di depannya.38 pemangkas sumbu Its dan baki harus dari emas murni.39 A talenta emas murni akan digunakan untuk kaki dian dan semua aksesoris.40 bahwa engkau membuat mereka sesuai dengan pola yang ditunjukkan kepadamu di atas gunung.
Tabel roti sajian(Kel 25:23-30)


23 Buatlah sebuah meja dari kayu akasia - dua hasta panjangnya, satu hasta lebar, dan satu hasta dan setengah tinggi.24 Overlay dengan emas murni dan membuat bingkai emas sekelilingnya.25 Juga membuat sekitarnya handbreath pinggiran lebar dan menempatkan cetakan emas di pelek.26 Buatlah empat cincin emas untuk meja dan mengikat mereka ke empat penjuru di mana empat kaki.27 Cincin harus dekat dengan pelek untuk memegang kutub yang digunakan dalam melaksanakan tabel.28 Buatlah tiang dari kayu akasia, overlay mereka dengan emas dan membawa meja dengan mereka.29 Dan membuat piring dan piring dari emas murni, serta pitcher, dan mangkuk, untuk mengalir keluar dari penawaran.30 Masukkan roti Kehadiran di meja ini menjadi sebelum saya setiap waktu.
Kemah Suci(Layout Dasar)(Kel 26:1-30&Kel 27:9-19)







1 Buatlah sepuluh tenda dari lenan halus memutar dan benang biru, ungu dan kain kirmizi dengan sebuah cheribum.2 ... gorden yang menjadi ukuran yang sama ...3 ... bergabung dengan lima dari tirai, dan melakukan hal yang sama dengan lima lainnya.4 ... membuat loop bahan biru sepanjang tepi tirai akhir ... dan melakukan hal yang sama ... di set lain.5 Membuat loop lima puluh pada satu tirai ... dengan loop saling berlawanan.6 Membuat jepit emas lima puluh dan menggunakannya untuk mempercepat gorden sehingga Tabernakel adalah unit.7 "Buatlah tirai dari bulu kambing untuk tenda di atas Kemah Suci - sebelas sama sekali.8 Semua gorden yang menjadi ukuran yang sama.





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